Fake Olive Oil in Your Kitchen?

Will the FDA finally do something about it? Action Alert!

The FDA has reportedly known about mislabeled and fraudulent olive oil and other foods for decades, but has done nothing to address the issue. Now Congress has stepped in. In April of this year, lawmakers directed the FDA through an appropriations bill to test a sampling of imported olive oil and report back on what the agency will do to ensure that consumers are not being deceived.
It’s about time. Many investigations into the olive oil industry have uncovered fraud and deception on a grand scale. A food fraud study spanning thirty years showed that olive oil is the most commonly adulterated food. A 2011 test from the Olive Center found that the five top-selling imported extra-virgin olive oil brands failed to meet trade standards 73% of the time. Other studies have suggested that as much as 69% of imported extra-virgin olive oil may be fraudulent.
Some of their findings:

  • Real extra-virgin olive oil is often adulterated with less expensive oils such as sunflower oil or soybean oil;
  • Extra-virgin olive oil is often adulterated with low quality, non-virgin olive oil;
  • Less expensive extra-virgin olive oil is often adulterated with older, often rancid, stocks of oil held over from previous seasons.

Another common trick: oils from places like Syria, Turkey, Morocco, and Tunisia are bottled and sold as authentic Italian extra-virgin olive oil. An undercover operation by the Italian police found a massive scam involving the Mafia in which Spanish and Greek oils were passed off as Italian.
Larry Olmstead, author of Real Food, Fake Food: Why You Don’t Know What You’re Eating and What You Can Do About It, offers the following advice on how to avoid getting scammed:

  • Don’t trust the labels. Terms like “pure,” “natural,” “virgin olive oil,” “premium,” “light,” “made in Italy,” and even “olive oil,” are often meaningless and may suggest low, not high, quality. “First cold press” also doesn’t really mean much, since most olive oil is made by using centrifuges rather than presses.
  • Look for the stamp of approval of certain groups, like the California Olive Oil Council, the Extra Virgin Alliance, and UNAPROL, the Italian olive grower’s association.
  • In terms of country of origin, if you’re buying the oil blindly, it’s best to go with Chile or Australia, the two countries that received the highest marks from the US International Trade Commission. You can also purchase olive oil directly from California growers.
  • Time and season matter. According to Olmstead, the end of the year is the worst time to buy olive oil from the northern hemisphere since it will likely be leftovers from last year’s harvest. An olive oil’s quality degrades in light, so avoid buying olive oil packaged in a clear bottle.

Being able to buy authentic extra virgin olive oil is all the more important because it is a superfood. Among other good things, it contains a miracle ingredient known as oleuropein, which has anticancer, pro-mitochondrial, antibiotic, and anti-Alzheimer’s properties. It also contains polyphenols and antioxidants with anti-inflammatory benefits. It is a mainstay of the ketogenic diet.
Even the FDA acknowledges the health benefits of olive oil: it is among a small group of foods with a pre-approved health claim from the agency: two tablespoons of olive oil per day may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.
Action Alert! Please send a message to Congress and ask them to address the fake olive oil problem right away. Your message will include a thank you message to your legislators for supporting LDTs, as we discuss in a related article in this issue. Please send your message immediately!
Other articles in this week’s Pulse of Natural Health:
Good News on Lab Testing
The FDA Bans Triclosan


  1. The lack of morality today cheats everyone especially the snobs who think they can taste the difference.

  2. The EU enforces its laws while oil packaged anywhere else might be adulterated. Tunisian, Spanish and Greek oil can be as good as Italian oil. As with wine, each has good and bad seasons and each field may have a different flavor. A fungus is currently attacking some fields in Italy and Greece. An entire district can be lost for a decade.
    As with wine and scotch, one can choose a single vintage from a single source. As with wine or scotch, oil packaged in glass, flushed with nitrogen and protected from light and heat can keep far longer than the single year for packaging in clear plastic containing air. Such boutique oil could cost $100/liter although $25-$35 is more common.
    Alternately, one can choose a Italian bottler that blends sources. It might optimize taste (mild, sharp, fruity), color (amber to green) or price. The result is always olive oil and extra virgin is always extra virgin.
    I consume a lot of olive oil so I purchase in 2-3 liter containers, mostly from Sam’s Club which tests for quality but does encourage its bottler to blend for price. That bottler is not going to adulterate when it knows its distributor tests and a multi-million dollar contract is at risk.
    I watch Argentina, Australia and California but find only boutique oil. I would be unhappy if law made the less expensive oil unavailable.

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